Thursday, September 4, 2014

64. Megh : Widow Marriages and other behaviour turned to untouchablity

बहुत से कारण हैं जिससे मेघों का सामाजिक ओहदा कमतर हुआ। उनमें से उनके समाज में विधवा विवाह को मान्यता देना और सामाजिक सरोकारों में अपनाना भी एक प्रमुख कारण रहा है। यह प्रथा या परंपरा ब्राह्मणी परंपरा से भिन्न रही। द्विजों ने इसे एक सिरे से नाकारा और जो इस पर अर्थात विधवा विवाह पर अमल करने वाले थे यथा मेघ आदि उन्हें निम्न माना। ऐसे ही मरणोपरांत किये जाने वाले संस्कारों को लेकर भी हुआ। ब्राह्मणों और राजपूतों में बहु पत्नी का रिवाज 19वीं शदी तक मान्यताप्राप्त प्रतिष्ठा का पैमाना बना हुआ था। ऐसी कई परंपरा और प्रथाएं है, जिनसे भी मेघों की सामाजिक पदावनति हुई। देखे निम्न विवरण

"In some castes a man is allowed to marry as many wives as he pleases, — a Rajpoot sometimes marries twenty, an Owdich Brahmin frequently five or six; in other castes, a man may not marry a second time in the lifetime of his first wife. Rajpoots never permit the re-marriage of a widow, but in some of the other castes a woman may re-marry more than once. Sometimes it is allowed to a husband and wife, who disagree, to separate by mutual consent, which is signified on the part of the woman by her tearing the hem of her garment, and on that of the man by his giving his wife a deed of release. In some castes it is considered indispensably necessary that girls should be married before they are twelve years old; in others, a husband of high family is much sought for, and women remain unmarried at the age of thirty. Some castes consider the non-performance of certain funeral ceremonies a sufficient ground for excommunication; in other castes these ceremonies are wholly neglected."

(रास मालापेज 539-540)

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  1. 64. Megh : Widow Marriages and other behaviour turned to untouchablity-

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