Tuesday, November 11, 2014

92. Megh - Mede - Med

मेघ : एशिया की एक प्राचीन शासक जाति-- जनरल कन्निन्घम के हवाले से यह सुनिश्चित होता है कि आज की मेग/मेघ जाति प्राचीन काल में ज्ञात मेदे (mede) जाति से निकली है। जिसका ईसा पूर्व छठी शताब्दी में सिन्धु नदी से लेकर तिगरिस तक के भू भाग पर शासन था। 5वीं-6वीं शताब्दी में एशिया में तीन प्रमुख शासक प्रजातियां थी- 1- मेदे 2- बेबिलोनियन 3- लिडियन। हेरोडोटस का सन्दर्भ देखे-

"After the final destruction of the great Assyrian em pire by the taking of Nineveh (b.c. 606) the empire of Asia fell into the hands of three great powers, namely, the Medes, the Babylonians', and the Lydians. The Medes became the ruling power between the rivers Tigris trate of his district how he maintained himself, and if he failed to do this, or did not prove that he lived by honest means, he was put to death as a useless member of society. This king was also very fond of the Greeks, and it was he who gave them the city of Naucratis to dwell in ; and to such as only wished to trade by sea, he granted places where they might have altars and temples to their own gods. He likewise married a Greek wife named Ladice, who was a native of Cyrene. He dedi cated numerous offerings in Greece, namely, a gilded statue of the goddess Athena, and a painted portrait of himself in the temple of Athena at Cyrene ; two stone statues and a curious linen corselet in the temple of Athena at Lindus, in the island of Rhodes; and two images of himself carved in wood in the great and mag nificent temple of Hera in the island of Samos, which we have already described. Moreover, when a collection was being made for rebuilding the temple of Delphi, which had been burned down, Amasis sent a thousand talents of alum as his contribution toward the restoration."page-177-178

उनकी पराजय का जिक्र पृष्ट 248-
"The history of Croesus was of course well known to Herodotus ; but we can not leave Sardis without running over the principal events which belonged to so checkered a life. He was the fifth king of the dynasty of the Mermnadae, which had retained possession of the sovereignty for about a century and a half previously to his accession. He ascended the throne of Lydia in the year B. C. 560, or about ten years before the time when the hardy mount aineers of Persia rushed from their bleak hills under the leadership of Cyrus, overthrew the kingdom of the Medes, and established the great Persian empire." page-248

क्य्रुस या साइरस की जातीयता-पेज 266
"------That mule was Cyrus, who was born of parents of different nations, whose mother was the superior, and whose father was the inferior, whose mother was a Mede and whose father was a Persian." पेज-266

"-----Nitocris used every means to protect the city against the newly risen power of the Medes. She dug channels above the Euphrates, and rendered its stream, which in former days had run in a straight line, so wind ing that in its course it touched a village named Ardericca no less than three times." page-284

"A new dynasty of kings ascended the throne of Nine veh, whom we may call the Arbacidae, as they appear to have belonged to the family of Arbaces the Mede. We may take it for granted that the Assyrian kings who appeared in the latter days of the divided Hebrew mon archies of Judah and Israel, belonged to this Medo- Assyrian dynasty of the Arbacidae. About B. C. 770 the Assyrian king Pul invaded Northern Palestine ; and in----" page 291

"The second Assyrian empire became, like the first, gradually sunk in luxury and effeminacy, and Nineveh was" taken by the Medes about B. C. 606." Page292

"He then executed the Magian diviners who had assured him that Cyrus might be sent to Persia without fear, and arming all the Medes, old and young, that were left in Ecbatana, he marched out to meet the Persians. A conflict ensued in which the Medes were completely defeated, and Astyages was taken prisoner. Harpagus, who could not forget the barbarous murder of his son, exulted over the royal captive, and jeeringly asked him how he liked changing sovereignty for captivity. Astyages, however retorted that Harpagus was a fool for giving the kingdom to Cyrus when he might have had it himself, and a knave for enslaving the whole Median nation to their former servants on account of his own private injuries. Thus was the empire transferred from the Medes to the Achaemenids of Persia in the year B. c. 550, by the hand of the same great chieftain who subsequently issued the edict for the restoration of the Jews from their Babylonian captivity to their country and their temple, f The life of Astyages was however preserved, and he remained with Cyrus until the year of his death." Page-305

"There were the Medes and Persians in their turban-like caps, loose trowsers, and splendid uniforms of various colors, defended by breastplates of metal scales, and bucklers of osiers faced with leather, and armed with the bow, the dagger, and the javelin. There were the Babylonians, with their cuirasses of wadded linen, and helmets of brazen network, carrying the shield, the spear, and the dagger, but, above all, armed with the terrible club of wood knotted with iron."page-342

"After the overthrow of the Medes, the victori ous Persians had represented to him that their own ter ritory was small and rugged, and suggested that they should remove to some one or other of those fertile regions which they had reduced by their arms. The Persian conqueror, however, warned them that, if they migrated to richer climes, they must henceforth cease to be the rulers, and must become the ruled ; for that delicate men sprang from delicate countries, and that no lands could produce both luxurious fruits and valiant men." Page-361

And many more, see:


HARPER & BROTHERS, 329 & 331 PEARL STREET. 1 8 5 6. page-177-178

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