Tuesday, December 22, 2015

144. Meaning of word jat

According to the dictionaries, Jut means a race, a tribe, or a particular race so called, while Jut means manner, kind, and likewise matted hair. But throughout the Punjab Jut also implies a fleece. a fell of hair ; and in Upper Sindh a Jut now means a rearer of camels or of black, cattle, or a shepherd in opposition to a husbandman. In the Punjab gene rally a Jut means still a villager, a rustic par excellence, as one of the race by far the most numerous, and as opposed to one engaged in trade or handicraft. This was observed by the author of the Dabistan nearly two centuries ago(£><ifti5tan, ii. 252.); but since the Jut* of Lahore and the Jats of the Jumna have acquired power, the term is becoming more restricted, and is occasionally em ployed to mean simply one of that particular race. The Juts merge on one side into the Rajpoots, and on the other into the Afghans, the names of the Jut subdivisions being the same with those of Rajpoots in the east, and again with those of Afghans, and even JJelotches, in the west, and many obscure tribes being able to thow plausibly that at least they are as liki-Iy to be Rajpoots or Afghans as to be Juts. The Juts are indeed enumerated among the arbitrary or conrt-ntional thirty-six royal races of the local bards of Rajpootana (Tod's Rnjattknn, i. 106.), and they
themselves claim affinity with the Bhuttees, and aspire to a lunar origin, as is done by the Raja of Putteeala As instances of the nar row and confused state of our know ledge regarding the people of India, it mny he mentioned that the links (or Virks\ one of the most distinguished tribes of Juts, is admitted among the Chalook Rajpoots by Tod (i. 100.), and that there arc Kukker and Kahur Juts, Kukker Kokurt and Kakur Afghans, besides Gukkers, not included in any of the three races. Further the family of Oomerkot in Sindh is stated by Tod ( Rajasthan, i. 92, 93. ) to be Pramar (or Powar), while the Emperor Humayoon's chronicler talks of the followers (i. e. brethren) of that chief as being Juts. (Memoirs of Humayoon, p. 15.) The editors of the Journal of the Geographical Society (xiv. 207, note) derive Jut from the Sanscrit Jyest'ha, old, ancient, and so make the term equivalent to aborigines; but this etymology per haps too hastily sets aside the suffi ciently established facts of Getae and Yuechi emigrations, and the circumustance of Ty moor's warfare with Jettchs in Central Asia. Some of the most eminent of the Jut subdivisions in the Punjab ;ire named S'mdhoo, Checnch, Vura'itch, Chuttheh, Sidhoo, Kurrecal, GonHul, &c. &c.

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