Monday, February 15, 2016

145. TRIBES OF THE PANJAB AND KASHMIR.

e. TRIBES OP THE PAN JAB AND KASHMIR.
       General Cunningham, in vol. ii. of the Arch. Rep.,' divides, the pop. of the Panjab into 1. early Turanians or aborigines ;
       2nd, Aryas or Brahmanical Hindus ;
        3rd, later Turanians or Indo-Scythians.
    In the 1st class he places the Takkas, the Megs, the Dunds, the Satis, the Sadans, and perhaps also the Damaras. In the 2nd division he places the Suraj Vanshas, and Som Vanshas of the Hills, the Janjuas of the Salt Range, and the Bhathis of the Central and E. Doabs, also the Khatris or grain sellers, and the Dogras, probably also the A wans. The 3rd class includes the Gakkars, the Kathis and the Balas, whose immigration took place in the reign of Darius Hystaspes, the Jats and Meds (Sus and Abars) who came in towards the end of the 2nd century B.C., and the Gujars (Tochari), who immigrated during the 1st century B.C. Of these races the most numerous is that of the Jats, who according to the same authority form -2/5th of the entire pop. The next most numerous race is that of the Gujars, who are £tn of the pop. The Sikhs are mostly derived from the Jats and Gujars, and are about 1/12th of the pop. The Aryans make up the rest.
Reference:
  Handbook of  PANJAB, WESTERN RAJPUTANA, KASHMIR, AND UPPER SINDH with maps.
LONDON, JOHN MURRAY, ALBEMARLE STREET. 1883. Page. 58

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