Friday, February 17, 2017

165. Census 1961

164. As per Census-1961 - Sceduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in the Ajmer District

As per Census-1961, following castes were enlisted as Sceduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in the Ajmer District. For ready reference see the Rajasthan District Gazetteer Ajmer-1966 (Page 108 & 651)

Thursday, February 16, 2017



Wednesday, February 15, 2017

162. In the area of Sirohi/Abu, Meghs were called Bhambis and Dhers.

Know your history from Gazetteers

In the area of Sirohi/Abu, Meghs were called Bhambis and Dhers.( see the GAZETTEER OF SIROHI AND MOUNT )

It has a running comment on it  in the Rajputana gazetteer volume-3, under the heading of 'village revenue officials.' It says as under:

"The principal village officials are the thanadar, the bhalownia and the banbi. The thanadars have charge of the police arrangements of the village. They are all Rajputs. In a few of the largest villages, such as Rohira, Pindwara, &c., there is a kind of naib thanadar called kanwaria. The bhalownias are all of the banya class, and are in Raj employ. Their duties correspond to those of patwaris in other districts. The banbis are Chamars or Dhers : they act as a sort of assistants to the thanadars, see to getting guides, coolies, supplies, &c., to travellers; run on messages, &c. Thanadars are paid wages at from five to fifteen rupees a month. The bhalownias are not paid regular wages in cash, but receive food and cleaning; and they and the thanadars both get shares of the produce in grain, varying according to circumstances. Banbis are generally paid a small sum annually in cash, and get shares of grain. The principal village servants are the carpenter, blacksmith, potter, currier and barber. Their remuneration also consists of a share of the grain from each house of the cultivating class, varying according to circumstances, which is given previous to the division of the produce." Page 120-121


Monday, February 13, 2017

161. Meghwal in the census of Jaipur state-1911

know your history from the census reports.

MEGHWALs in the Census of Jaipur state-1911 are disdussed under the heading of 'Balais' on various pages of the census report..

 At page no. 237, appendix no.1 is given wherein brief notes on certain castes and sub-castes are given. After Description of Aggarwals and Ahirs, at page no.238 a brief note has been given on Balais, which says as under:

                    '' Balais "
     1. MEGHWAL.
     2. KHANGAR.

'Both are separate endogamaous groups.'

'The Meghwals are more numerous than the other group.'
'They admit people of higher castes into their caste.'
'They have separate Panchayats.'

   After that a note is also given on 'CHAMARS' as under :

1. Raigars.
2. Chamars.'
 it is stated that 'They are separate endogamous groups. Formarly Chamars alone used to skin the dead carcasses of animals, but now the Raigars also do so.'
'Chamar marry the wife of the elder brother, but the Raigars abstain from doing so.'
'They have separate Panchayats'



160. Social Status of Meghs in J&K

Know your history: Social status of Meghs in the state of Kashmir and Jammu in the past centuries
It remain as similar as prevailed in Marwar during that period. For Marwar, see Marwar Mardumshumari, 1891.

Here I am quoting word to word as written in Census of Kashmir in the year of  1901

      "19. None of the low castes, such as Meghs, Dooms, Chamars, etc., is allowed to enter the court-yard of a Hindu temple, nor any Hindu would liketo come in contact with them.

20. All the members of the castes named in the foregoing paragraph liveoutside the village, have their own wells and tanks to take water from, and haveto give warning of their approach to or keep out of the way of the high classHindus.

21. Amongst all the low castes, Meghs stand first; they do not touchDooms, Chamars, sweepers and Sansis. If they accidentally happen to do so,they wash themselves. Their caste principles are nearly the same as those ofother Hindus. They receive cash or dry substances from the above mentionedlow castes for performing their religious ceremonies ; and draw water with theirown vessels. But instead of the Brahmans the Meghs perform the dutiesconnected with the religious ceremonies of the low castes, while Gurus attendto all such rites amongst (he Bhikis or beggar class.)"  Page --78

Census of India, vol-23,
census of Kashmir, 1901 report-1, page-78
The civil and military Gazette press, Lahore, 1902

In regard to land ownerships,
status of caste is shown as in descending page 80

"Status in relation to the land.
(a) With regard to ownership—

1. Brahman. 5. Charak. 9. Langeh,
2. Thakkar. 6. Bahoo. 10. Baghal.
3. Manhas. 7. Jat. 11. Rakwal.
4. Rajputs. 8. Salehria. 12. Other castes.

(b) With regard to cultivation—
1. Brahman. 8. Charak. 15. Carpenters.
2. Jat. 9. Bahoo. 16. Meghs.
3. Kamboh. 10. Salebria. 17. Dooms.
4. Sanis. 11. Langeh. 18. Chamars.
5. Thakkar. 12. Baghal. 19. Bawarias.
6. Labana, 13. Rakwal. 20. Other castes."
7.Manhas  14. Blacksmith     Page- 80